Steven L. Kaplan is a Professor at Cornell University and a widely-acknowledged expert in the field of the history of food and of corporatism. From January to June 2009, he participated in our scientific activities. He organized a seminar centered on the relationship between history and human sciences which seeked to promote a relection upon the status of SSH thanks to an interdisciplinary approach.
Read more (French).
Philippe Deboudt, lecturer, TVES research centre, University of Lille 1, received a CNRS award for research leave and he is spending the university year 2009/2010 at MESHS. He is currently carrying out several research projects at MESHS:
Collaborative activity project: Innovation in SSH: ecological inequalities, environmental inequalities, from interdisciplinary research to public policy support. Read more (French)
Seeding project: DéciLitt: Rethinking land use in coastal areas to adjust to climate change. Read more (French).
Research contract: The Calanques (inlets) national park in Marseilles: constructing territory, forms of concertation and legitimacy principles. Read more (French).
Nathalie Chusseau, Lecturer in economics, EQUIPPE research centre, University of Lille 1, received a CNRS award for research leave and she is spending the first semester of 2010 at MESHS. (CV. Lille 1 - french)
Nathalie Chusseau carries out an ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche) research project in collaboration with MESHS. Worlds: Globalization, restructurations, and social and professional downgrading. Read more (French).
Stéphane Auray, Professor, Université Lille Nord de France (ULCO) and member of EQUIPPE received a CNRS award for research leave and he is hosted by MESHS for the year 2009-2010. Within MESHS, he seeks to understand whether there exists any useful concept from the macro-economic point of view which is relevant to study conflicts over the long term. Economic studies of defence policies, military expenditures are still few and limited to a partial equilibrium approach. An original aspect of this project is to adapt the recent developments of general equilibrium models and stochastic dynamics in this area. Three types of studies are considered in this context.
1) Determine the extent of validity of the arguments commonly offered to discuss the impact of defence policies in a partial equilibrium framework. Indeed, the magnitude of shocks caused by major conflicts may invalidate conclusions obtained without taking into account the effects of closure at the macro level.
2) Only a macro-economic dynamics allows us to appreciate the consequences of different policies on national welfare. The differences in policies between countries that share economic fundamentals paves the way for an econometric study of this specific issue.
3) Current research in history (especially regarding the contemporary period) give up some very important economic aspects. This "primacy of the economy" does raise serious difficulties both conceptual and empirical. This project is therefore an attempt to compare the views of economists with historians and / or political scientists interested in military issues and defence.
A workshop on these topics involving historians and economists is being organized in 2010.